Sarkozy Prepares a French 'Homeland Security' Department

28 de may de 2007

<body><div id="article"><tr><td height="28" valign="middle" width="184"></td><td valign="middle" width="185"></td></tr><h1>Sarkozy Prepares a French 'Homeland Security' Department</h1><p>May 28, 2007 (LPAC)--According to <em>EIR's</em> Paris bureau, French President Nikolas Sarkozy is preparing a kind of 'Department of Homeland Security' concentration of police-security powers in France. Sarkozy is working to eliminate the opposition of both the Socialist Party (PS) and the new "centrist" Democratic Movement (MODEM) party of François Bayrou, by provoking their senior members to defect. Seriously damaging the Socialist Party is not such a difficult task: Blair-ism has so progressed in the PS, that a small, but significant group of its leaders had no difficulty joining the equally Blair-ist Sarkozy government: Foreign Minister Bernard Kouchner, Secretary of State for European Affairs Jean Pierre Jouyet; Secretary of State for Public Policy Eric Besson; High Commissioner for Active Solidarity Martin Hirsch; etc. As for Bayrou, 24 out of his 29 UDF deputies broke up with him and joined ranks with Sarkozy, when Bayrou decided to create MODEM.</p><p>Sarkozy is also proceeding to centralize all intelligence, domestic and overseas, into a single apparatus under his direct control.</p><p>The 2,000 employees of the Central Directorate of General Intelligence (Renseignements Generaux--RG, political police) are already moving from their present quarters at the Interior Ministry to a building in the Paris suburbs, where they will be joined by their counterparts at DST (Directorate of Domestic Surveillance), SDAT (Counter-Terrorism Sub-Directorate) and later by the General Directorate of Foreign Security (DGSE). It is generally expected that this new, centralized security structure which could be called the General Directorate of Domestic Security (DSGI), will fall under the direct leadership of Sarkozy faithful Bernard Squarcini -- nicknamed Le Squale -- a former number two at RG for a good decade. Overseeing the creation of this new security/intelligence apparatus is Claude Guéant, Sarkozy's chief of cabinet. Ultimately, it could be run by a new, American-style National Security Council, under the Presidency's control.</p><p>Clearly inspired by Bush's Department of Homeland Security, the new body will combine, says <em>Le Figaro</em> , the fight against the violence in the suburbs (where poverty and unemployment among their many young immigrants are high) at the local level; counter-terrorism at the regional level; and at the central level, the struggle against "subversives." On May 2, Sarkozy wrote the head of the police trade union "Synergie-Officiers," that he favors the "creation of a unified leadership for domestic intelligence in France, to better fight terrorism," adding, "I do not exclude adapting the structures of the national police to better respond to the evolution of delinquency."</p><p>Furthermore, Sarkozy is moving to create a unitary executive as conceived by Nazi legal theoretician Carl Schmitt, against the Fifth Republic system in which the President sets up the general thrust of policies and deals with defense and foreign affairs in particular, and the Prime Minister deals with day-to-day affairs. Sarkozy has scores of advisors at the Elysee, who will be dictating policies to the various ministers: in economics, seven experts; in social sciences, five experts; and defense and security, six experts.</p></div></body>