Russian "New Physical Principles" Missile Defense Is Back

1 de junio de 2007

<body><div id="article"><tr><td height="23" valign="middle" width="184"></td><td valign="middle" width="185"></td></tr><h1>Russian "New Physical Principles" Missile Defense Is Back</h1><p>June 1, 2007 (LPAC)--The Soviet Union was developing the technology for space-based orbital military systems, beginning in the 1950s up through the late 1980s, and the "concept is still there and Russia can take it off the shelf anytime," wrote <em>Novosti</em> political commentator Andrei Kislyakov in a two-part commentary titled "New wars require new weapons," published May 24 and 31. Kislyakov reviewed the history of Soviet anti-missile defense, going back to the 1950s. In his first commentary, on space weapons, he wrote that space-based assault weapons include ICBMs placed in a "staging orbit"; anti-satellite missiles; directed-energy weapons; and electronic weapons. Such weapons "allow comprehensive control over the Earth's surface. The appearance of permanent manned military stations in near-Earth orbit is only a matter of time." While space stations will not be developed in the near future, "automatic systems equipped with weapons based on new physical principles," will be. There is evidence, Kislyakov wrote, "that a system has already been sent into space equipped with missiles and lasers capable of destroying satellites in low, medium and stationary orbits."</p><p>He reviewed the political infighting in the Soviet Union over development of these systems, including the roles of Nkita Khruschev, Yury Andropov (who was the greatest opponent of the Strategic Defense Initiative proposed by Lyndon LaRouche and adopted by President Ronald Reagan in 1983), and Mikhail Gorbachev.</p><p>In 1957, when the Soviets successfully launched their ICBM and first man-made satellite, the military was actually "concentrated on launching a new fundamental anti-satellite project and developing an anti-missile defense." The ABM was the first to appear, from a project led by Grigory Kisunko, who initiated the concept of "triangulation" to coordinate ballistic targets and interceptor missiles. But the ABM systems were pushed aside, because of the development of the anti-satellite program, led by Vladimir Chelomei. When the U.S. U2 spy plane was shot down in 1960, the Soviets assumed that the United States would rely on spy satellites, and Chelomei urged the government of Khruschev to abandon the ABM project. Khrushchev, Kislyakov wrote, "was an impulsive leader. His actions repeatedly brought the world to the brink of war and his homeland to the verge of economic collapse."</p><p>Despite this, the Soviets continued to develop both its killer-satellites and ABM system - unfortunately, separately. Moscow also "set itself the aim of developing an unparalleled combat space station with anti-satellite lasers. In August 1983, then Soviet leader Yury Andropov made a sensational announcement that the country was stopping all work on space-based weapons. But the Salyut design bureau continued working in great secrecy on a military space station code-named Skif." There was an attempt to launch a combat-ready model of the Skif in May 1987, but the launch failed. "After this setback, Mikhail Gorbachev, architect of perestroika, decided to give up on the Skif," Kislyakov wrote. "However, the concept of orbital military systems is still there and Russia can take it off the shelf anytime."</p></div></body>